Abstracts & Commentary
69,635 men and women aged 50-76 residing in Western Washington participated in a prospective study to find out if Vitamin A reduces the risk of melanoma.
Following an initial 15-day washout period in which subjects consumed no alcohol, participants were assigned to consume either red wine (272 mL/d), de-alcoholized red wine (272 mL/d), or gin (100 mL/d), for a period of 20 days. Dose was portioned for equivalence in ethanol content for red wine and gin, and comparable total phenols in red wine and de-alcoholized red wine.
Starting in 1995, the University Hospital Clinic in Turin, Italy collected data on 3,685 patients treated for type-2 diabetes for comparison with the general population of the city. The patients were followed for 4.5 years to find out which diabetic medications had the lowest risk of causing cancer.
A study comparing survival times among 341 epithelial ovarian cancer patients of whom 297 were non-diabetic, 28 were type II diabetics who did not use metformin, and 16 were type II diabetics who used metformin to find out if metformin use is associated with significantly longer progression free survival and overall survival in ovarian cancer patients.
One half of 68 participants with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease received Ã¢â‚¬Å“real acupuncture," while the other half received Ã¢â‚¬Å“sham acupuncture,"Ã‚Â over a 12 week period to measure how well participants tolerated the 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT) in regards to severity of dyspnea on exertion (DOE).
In 8 randomized controlled trials, a control group receiving standard chemo/radiotherapy was compared to an intervention group receiving the same treatment with the addition of melatonin to find out if melatonin affects tumor remission, overall survival, and mitigation of treatment side effects.
Anxiety disorders are among the most common primary care challenges in a women's health practice. A comprehensive approach includes identifying the symptoms, characterizing the disorder, and evaluating whether the patient has a medical condition such as hyperthyroid, substance abuse, supraventricular tachycardia, or asthma that manifests as anxiety.
When I receive an advertisement for a conference claiming to feature the “world’s leading experts in complementary and alternative medicine,” the first thing I do is check to see how many NDs are on the speaker list. Early in my studies, a dearth of NDs felt like a blow to my professional esteem. Now, more than a decade later, I know better: It means a high probability that the organizers are neither knowledgeable nor serious about integrative medicine and are simply hoping to profit from the popularity of natural therapies.