Abstracts & Commentary
During their hospitalization the experimental group of children interacted with 2 clowns who were experienced with working with hospitalized children. Assessments made to measure the effect of the clown sessions included duration of stay in the hospital, duration of the fever period and time taken to achieve clinical recovery.
The study included 1,033 patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer and 1,011 controls from 33 counties in the central and eastern part of North Carolina. African-Americans were oversampled to be proportionate to their incidence of colorectal cancer. Nurses interviewed participants for demographics and dietary intake using a validated questionnaire.
The study suggests that continued, not short-term, implementation of an integrative, holistic approach to cancer treatment confers a survival benefit principally at years 1 and 2 after diagnosis with NSCLC. Although this study provides a beginning foundation of information upon which to build future prospective studies, the conclusions drawn lose significance with further scrutiny.
Vegetable intake in children is very low in the United States. The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance studies indicate more than 75% of children do not eat the recommended 5 servings of fruits and vegetables daily. Allowing children to pair a good-tasting food with vegetables increases the amount and variety of vegetables children will eat.
This is the first well-controlled and sufficiently powered clinical trial to demonstrate that weight training does not increase the incidence of lymphedema after axillary node dissection and may significantly reduce the risk among breast cancer survivors who have had 5 or more axillary lymph nodes removed.
Tunisian women who had no family history of breast cancer or BRCA mutation were investigated for the methylation status of BRCA1 and BRCA2 promoters using methylation-specific PCR. Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women in Tunisia, and breast cancer in Tunisia is characterized by its increased incidence of a younger age at onset and a more aggressive tumor phenotype.
Research now suggests that regular aspirin use protects against breast cancer, possibly lowering risk of development and, more significantly, preventing disease recurrence. Study data from Holmes et al have shown a clinically significant protective effect against breast cancer recurrence to the degree that recommendations to take aspirin may become more common despite some inconsistencies in past research. Potential risks vs. possible benefits should now be considered in women at high risk for primary breast cancer, and especially in those women at risk of recurrence.
Vitamin E has been proposed for the prevention or treatment of numerous health conditions, often based on its antioxidant properties. Ongoing research is investigating its use in numerous diseases, particularly in cancer and heart disease. Concerns have been raised about the safety of vitamin E supplementation, particularly in high doses. Evidence suggests that regular use of high-dose vitamin E supplements may increase the risk of death from all causes by a small amount, although human research is conflicting.
While we all have our favorite brands of dietary supplements, the brands may not be as distinct as we think from a manufacturing perspective. Dietary supplement manufacturing spans a wide spectrum. One of the most common manufacturing methods is for a finished product company to contract the manufacturing to another entity.