Abstracts & Commentary

Breast Tissue Microbiota

by Tina Kaczor, ND, FABNO
Naturopathic practitioners have long assumed that breast tissue, conventionally assumed to be sterile, harbored bacteria. Evidence from recent studies supports the existence of a distinct breast microbiome. A new study by Hieken et al compared the breast microbiome in benign breast disease to the microbiome in cancerous breast tissue, with fascinating observations.

Fiber Feeds Bacteria to Control Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

by Mark Davis, ND
In a randomized clinical trial, participants with type 2 diabetes consuming a high-fiber diet showed better glycemic control, an expected finding. But the mechanism underlying fiber’s benefits, as suggested in the study, challenge conventional wisdom.

Synbiotic Supplementation for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

by Megan Chmelik
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has been associated with dysbiosis of the gut microbiome. Results from a recent trial suggest that synbiotic supplementation may improve glycemic control and moderate lipid levels, which could reduce diabetes and cardiovascular risks in women with PCOS.

Ketogenic Diet Improves Seizures

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
Prospective clinical trial demonstrates the antiseizure effects of a ketogenic diet. Could a shift in the gut biome be responsible for the effects?

Vitamins Might Help After Heart Attacks

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
A subgroup analysis of the Trial to Assess Chelation Therapy (TACT) suggests a high-dose oral multivitamin (OMV) may provide protection from cardiovascular events for some, but not all, post-MI patients.

Do Cruciferous Vegetables Contribute to Endometriosis?

by Lorinda Sorensen, ND, LAc
A prospective dietary study of a large cohort of women seeks to determine the influence of fruit and vegetable consumption on risk of endometriosis. One explanation of the surprising findings supports the role of gut inflammation in the genesis of endometriosis.

Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate and Facial Dysmorphology in Trisomy 21

by Paul Richard Saunders, PhD, ND, DHANP, CCH
Study finds that low-dose epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) improves facial dysmorphology associated with trisomy-21 in mouse genetic models and human subjects.

Peer-Reviewed Articles

The Gut-Skin Axis and Mechanisms for Communication

by Raja Sivamani, MD
The association of gut health to general health has been the focus of many medical approaches, including traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurvedic medicine, and naturopathic medicine. The discovery of the gut microbiome has led to new areas of research that focus on the possible biochemical mechanisms that can relate gut health to local disease as well as the health of distant organs. The relationship of the gut to the skin, referred to as the gut-skin axis, is one emerging area of research.

Testosterone Deficiency Diagnosis and Replacement Therapy

by Timothy Schwaiger, ND
The use of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) for men has risen dramatically in recent years. This comprehensive review article covers many aspects of TRT, including testosterone metabolism, indications for TRT, diagnostic testing with a decision-to-treat algorithm, contraindications, and risks vs benefits of treatment.

Interviews with Experts

The Gut-Brain Axis

by Natural Medicine Journal
In this interview NMJ's editor-in-chief, Tina Kaczor, ND, FABNO, and Steven Sandberg-Lewis, ND, DHANP, discuss the integral role of the gut microbiota in mood and cognition.

Enhancing Cognition with Citicoline

by Natural Medicine Journal
Natural Medicine Journal's publisher interviews Deborah Yurgelun-Todd, PhD, and Perry Renshaw, MD, PhD, about the research they are conducting at The University of Utah in the Neuroscience Department. They specifically describe research associated with the safety and efficacy of supplemental citicoline, as well as evaluate emerging research in this area.

Sponsored Podcasts

A Deeper Exploration of Probiotics and the Gut Microbiome with Donald Brown, ND

by Natural Medicine Journal
In this interview, naturopathic physician and probiotic expert Donald Brown, ND, discusses the role of probiotics in supporting the gut microbiome. Brown also describes the mechanisms of action and clinical applications of probiotics, as well as strains, dosages, and potential contraindications.

A Proactive Approach to Reducing Dementia Risk: Maintaining a Healthy Brain Today, Tomorrow, and Years to Come

by Natural Medicine Journal
In this interview, naturopathic physician Carrie Decker, ND, describes some of the actions she takes with patients to help reduce the risk of developing dementia and cognitive decline. Her integrative approach includes nutritional and lifestyle assessment, assessment for common risk factors or other potential exposures, and nutritional supplementation to meet her patients individual needs.

Microbiome Special Issue 2018

by Natural Medicine Journal

Healthcare Perspectives

Highlights From the 2018 AANP Conference

by Keegan Sheridan, ND
If you missed the 2018 AANP conference—or if you were there and just want to revisit it—don't miss this concise yet informative overview of each day's content. 

Global Naturopathic Regulation

by Iva Lloyd, ND, RPP
A document issued by the World Naturopathic Federation (WNF) addresses the regulation of naturopathic practice around the globe, providing details about standards of regulation in various countries and links to country-specific regulations and naturopathic organizations.