Abstracts & Commentary

ND, FABNO
Participants in this study underwent 2 flexible sigmoidoscopies, one before ginger treatment and the second 28 days after starting to take the ginger. The second procedure was performed as close as possible to 24 hours after the participant took the final dose of ginger. There were no significant differences in mean percent change between baseline and day 28 for any of the eicosanoids, when normalized to protein, however this study brings us a step closer to understanding whether ginger could be used to prevent colorectal cancer.
ND
This study investigated whether the incidence of new-onset diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with statin use among postmenopausal women participating in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI).
ND, DHANP, FABNO
Study suggests that chemo-immunotherapy with lentinan provides a survival advantage in patients with inoperable gastric cancer. This is the most recent investigation of lentinan used for this purpose in a number of studies going back to at least 1983, where it was reported that it improved survival, immune response, and hematological measures in advanced or recurrent gastric, colorectal, and breast carcinomas.
PhD, MCPP
Donald Abrams, MD, a University of California-San Francisco researcher and clinician who brings a rational approach to Cannabis use, is to be credited for forging another path forward in the use of medical marijuana. Although a placebo-controlled study previously showed that oral THC in patients using opioids augments analgesia, this is the first human study to show that inhaled cannabis safely potentiates the analgesia of opioids.
ND, FABNO
It is time for us to actively encourage patients to adhere as closely as possible to a Mediterranean style diet. This study is just one of a series of recent papers that have looked at the correlation between specific diseases and adherence to a Mediterranean style diet, studies that consistently find benefit.
ND
There are several limitations to this study that render the conclusions dramatically overstated. Meta-analysis can be a useful tool, but it is important to note that this meta-analysis is based on a collection of past studies that have different designs, end points, doses and study populations.Patient level and trial level meta-analysis of previously completed randomized control trials (RCTs) involving calcium supplementation. The researchers objective was to investigate the effect of calcium supplementation on the risk of cardiovascular events based on the combined data from previous RCTs. Eligible studies included RCTs using calcium supplements (elemental calcium > 500 mg/day), with more than 100 participants of mean age 40 years and study duration of more than one year. Trials involving co-administration of calcium and vitamin D were excluded from the analysis.
ND, FABNO
One hundred sixty post-menopausal women participated in a randomized non-blind comparative study to discover if consumption of dried plums significantly increases bone mineral density of ulna and spine in comparison with consuming dried apples.
ND
This study looked at first diagnosis of cancer during 1986-2008 among children <5 years of age, looking both at total incidence of cancer as well as 14 categories of malignancy most likely to have prenatal origins.
ND
Thirty patients with a diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori-positive non-ulcer dyspepsia participated in a 4-week study to find out if vitamins C and E improve eradication rates.
ND
This study concluded that based on the 14 studies analyzed, supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids did not reduce the risk of overall cardiovascular events, all-cause mortality, sudden cardiac death, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, or transient ischemic attack and stroke. A small reduction in cardiovascular death was found but disappeared when data from one study "with major methodological problems" was excluded.