Douglas ‘Duffy’ MacKay, ND, is senior vice president, scientific and regulatory affairs for CV Sciences. MacKay spent 10 years with the Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN). He has published articles in peer-reviewed journals and serves as an associate editor for the Journal of Dietary Supplements, as well as on the editorial board for several journals. MacKay also serves on the advisory board for the American Botanical Council. He earned his degree in marine biology from the University of California, Santa Cruz and his naturopathic medical degree from the National University of Natural Medicine in Portland, Oregon.