November 2011 Vol. 3 Issue 11

Abstracts & Commentary

Dark Chocolate Reduces Exercise-Induced Oxidative Stress

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO  In a randomized, counterbalanced, crossover designed trial, 20 active men consumed chocolate or a placebo for 2 weeks and then performed a bout of prolonged cycling. Those consuming dark chocolate had lower F2-isoprostanes at exhaustion and during recovery. Consuming dark chocolate lowered levels of oxidized low-density lipoproteins both before and after exercise. Chocolate consumption was also associated with ~21% greater increase in free fatty acids during exercise.

Are Breast Thermograms Accurate Enough to Use?

by Katherine Neubauer, ND, FABNO  It's time to reconsider the use of breast thermography in breast cancer screening and breast mass assessment. Thermography remains a controversial topic in integrative oncology. Although digital thermography is FDA approved for adjunctive breast imaging to clarify results of mammography or breast MRI, it is often employed for broader applications. In particular, some practitioners and patients use thermography for cancer screening, to evaluate palpated masses, and as an alternative to mammography.

Radiation Therapy for Breast Cancer Causes Long-Term Heart Toxicity

by Tina Kaczor, ND, FABNO  The use of adjuvant radiation therapy in women who have undergone a lumpectomy for breast cancer has become routine practice. The findings from the current study substantiate the body of evidence that has accumulated showing that radiation therapy does have long-term consequences to the heart muscle and vasculature.

Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT) and the Risk of Prostate Cancer

by Geovanni Espinosa, ND, LAc, CNS  Participants without prostate cancer were monitored every 6 months with an annual limited physical examination including blood pressure, weight, and smoking status; participants who developed prostate cancer during the study were monitored annually thereafter.

Dietary Supplements and Mortality Rate in Older Women

by Douglas MacKay, ND  Observational study assessing the relationship between supplement use and total mortality rate in older women. The study utilized data from the Iowa Women's Health Study, which was originally designed to examine associations between several host, dietary, and lifestyle factors and the incidence of cancer in postmenopausal women.

Peer-Reviewed Articles

Vitamin B12

by Natural Standard Vitamin B12 is an essential water-soluble vitamin that is commonly found in a variety of foods, such as fish, shellfish, meat, eggs, and dairy products. B12 plays an important role in supplying essential methyl groups for protein and DNA synthesis.

Specific Applications of Omega 3s for Cardiovascular Disease

by Tori Hudson, ND  The protective effects of omega 3 fatty acids found in fish and fish oil supplementation on cardiovascular risks and diseases has been a topic of robust research for the past 30 plus years. This paper cites select research to review trials in coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, arrhythmias, hypertension, heart failure, and dyslipidemia to encourage among clinicians and consumers a more specific utilization of dietary advice and fish oil supplementation.

Quality Standards

Recalls of Dietary Supplements

by Lise Alschuler, ND, FABNO  Several of my colleagues and I had an interesting conversation the other day about product recalls. As we traced through the FDA requirements for product recalls, we realized that many practitioners may be unaware of their role in the process. As a result, many may not have practices in place to efficiently fulfill recall obligations. In the absence of these business practices, patients' safety could be jeopardized.


Developments in Women's Health

by Tina Kaczor, ND, FABNO