Abstracts & Commentary

On average, one half of the preschoolers in the 8,950 children sampled, representing 4 million children, are not being taken outside to play daily by a parent. Fifty-one percent of children were reported to go outside to play at least once per day with a parent; 58% of children not in childcare went outside daily.
While most Americans consume less than recommended amounts of Mg, some but not all, previous research indicates that asthma sufferers tend to have even lower Mg status than do other Americans.Mg is believed to have bronchodilatory and anti-inflammatory effects that might help asthma patients. However, previous Mg trials studying therapeutic effects in asthmatics have produced only mixed results. The primary factor separating the current trial from previous negative reports is duration. The 6.5-month intervention used by these researchers was significantly longer than the 3- to 12-week interventions employed elsewhere.
A study comparing survival times among 341 epithelial ovarian cancer patients of whom 297 were non-diabetic, 28 were type II diabetics who did not use metformin, and 16 were type II diabetics who used metformin to find out if metformin use is associated with significantly longer progression free survival and overall survival in ovarian cancer patients.
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69,635 men and women aged 50-76 residing in Western Washington participated in a prospective study to find out if Vitamin A reduces the risk of melanoma.
Starting in 1995, the University Hospital Clinic in Turin, Italy collected data on 3,685 patients treated for type-2 diabetes for comparison with the general population of the city. The patients were followed for 4.5 years to find out which diabetic medications had the lowest risk of causing cancer.
In 8 randomized controlled trials, a control group receiving standard chemo/radiotherapy was compared to an intervention group receiving the same treatment with the addition of melatonin to find out if melatonin affects tumor remission, overall survival, and mitigation of treatment side effects.
One half of 68 participants with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease received “real acupuncture," while the other half received “sham acupuncture," over a 12 week period to measure how well participants tolerated the 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT) in regards to severity of dyspnea on exertion (DOE).
Following an initial 15-day washout period in which subjects consumed no alcohol, participants were assigned to consume either red wine (272 mL/d), de-alcoholized red wine (272 mL/d), or gin (100 mL/d), for a period of 20 days. Dose was portioned for equivalence in ethanol content for red wine and gin, and comparable total phenols in red wine and de-alcoholized red wine.
In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study, 114 healthy men with primary, idiopathic male infertility were given 200 mg ubiquinol per day for 26 weeks, while the other 114 men who participated received a placebo to find out if there would be any changes in sperm concentration.
In longitudinal cohort study, 440,260 participants were followed for 14 years to measure the effects and outcomes of drinking coffee.