Abstracts & Commentary

PhD
Patients had experienced at least 2 refractory focal seizures per month in the 3 months prior to the study and were on between 1 and 4 antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Patients were excluded if their diet included oily fish (>1 meal/week) or omega-3 fatty acid supplements. Patients were administered 1,000 mg of EPA daily for 12 weeks, in concurrence with their existing AED treatment, and recorded seizure activity throughout the study.
ND
Some models are now indicating that the expression of ASD traits are associated with glutamate receptor dysregulation, rather than absolute glutamate levels.
ND
Patients aged 1–18 were included if they were diagnosed with acute bronchitis, symptoms started less than 48 hours before the inclusion in the study, and their BSS score was ≥5 at the time of screening. Exclusion criteria included concomitant medication that could impair study results, allergic asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bleeding disorders, immunosuppression, and chronic disease of the heart, liver, or kidney.
MD
247,574 individuals of all ages from Copenhagen, Denmark, whose serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level had been measured by their general practitioner between April 2004 and January 2010 participated in a retrospective observational study to find out if there is an association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and all-cause mortality.
ND
In a study that included 149 healthy adults over 50 years of age, researchers compared the effects of mindfulness meditation and moderate-intensity exercise on incidence, duration, and severity of acute respiratory infections.
MD, ND
This cross-sectional study observed 210 type 2 diabetes patients aged 65 years and above. Patients were interviewed on lifestyle and 24-hour dietary recall. Assessment of depression was based on DSM-IV criteria.
ND, FABNO
Previous studies have linked chocolate consumption with decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, but patients are still hesitant to increase consumption for fear of weight gain. This study will put those fears to rest.
A systemic review and meta analysis of 10 cohort studies reveals that a diet high in fructose is associated with an increase in the risk of pancreatic cancer. However, no statistically significant association was found between intakes of total carbohydrates, sucrose glycemic index, or glycemic load and pancreatic cancer.
In a prospective cohort study, researchers tracked vitamin D levels in 1,801 white people in southwest Germany with metabolic syndrome who underwent elective coronary angiography between 1997 and 2000.
ND
Data from 6,153 US residents over the age of 40 were used in the study to look for an association between blood lead levels and gout attacks. The researchers tracked of the amount of purine-containing foods participants consumed. The study accounted for confounding factors that might affect gout risk.