Abstracts & Commmentary

Low-dose Chemical Mixtures as Carcinogens

by Tina Kaczor, ND, FABNO
09-16-2015 
In this study, 11 teams of toxicology experts reviewed relevant data on the chemicals in our everyday life to ascertain their carcinogenic impact according to the “hallmarks of cancer.”

Bisphenol A and Pregnant Women

by Jessica Tran, ND
09-16-2015 
In a case-control study, researchers measured levels of bisphenol A (BPA) in 2 sets of pregnant women—those with a diagnosis of fetal malformation and those without. Surprisingly, the women with healthy fetuses demonstrated higher rates of conjugated BPA, which may indicate that women who metabolize BPA poorly are more likely to have fetuses with developmental defects.

Air Pollution Aggravates Diabetes

by Julianne Forbes, ND
09-16-2015 
In this study of cross-sectional data from Italy, researchers discovered a direct correlation between levels of particulate matter in the air and the increase in hospitalizations for diabetic patients over the age of 45.

Life Through Orange-colored Glasses

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
09-02-2015 
In this crossover trial involving 13 healthy male adolescents, wearing blue-blocking, orange-tinted glasses before bed improved sleep disruption and led to better cognitive activation in the morning. Although preliminary, this study may pave the way for future studies that address sleep problems in any population whose quality of life is affected by poor sleep.

Waon Therapy Linked to Cardiovascular Health

by Heather Wright, ND, FABNO
09-02-2015 
According to this pilot study, patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) saw improvement in quality of life as well as many biochemical markers from a course of waon therapy, a Japanese sauna treatment.

Rhodiola Rosea vs Sertraline for Major Depression

by Peter Bongiorno, ND, LAc
09-02-2015 
In the first randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of Rhodiola rosea and a pharmaceutical antidepressant, the result was technically a draw. But the study also raises important questions about whether trials on biologics—pharmaceutical or herbal—alone truly address the multiple layers of depression treatment.

Telomere Length, Maternal Depression, and Child Behavior

by Jaclyn Chasse, ND
09-02-2015 
In the first study to measure the effect of maternal clinical depression on telomere length (TL) and its relationship with oppositional defiant behavior preschoolers, researchers found that behavioral issues in children are linked to shorter TL and maternal depression.

Are Carotenoids Helpful or Harmful in the Fight Against Cancer?

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
08-05-2015 
A recent study found that higher beta-carotene levels in lean women reduced breast cancer risk by 18% to 28%, contradicting studies on other at-risk populations. Is there something about the carotenoids and cancer that we still have to learn?

Pregnant Women Need More Protein

by Kaycie Rosen Grigel, ND
08-05-2015 
According to this randomized trial, current recommendations for protein intake for pregnant women are inadequate, which makes it even more important for healthcare providers to encourage pregnant patients to increase protein intake while closely monitoring their diet.

Can Encouraging Awe Decrease Inflammation?

by Michael T. Murray, ND
08-05-2015 
We’ve all read that positive emotions have an effect on health, but which emotions have the most impact? In this study, researchers discovered that the emotion of awe had the greatest correlation with lowered inflammation.

Does Vitamin D Improve Blood Sugar Regulation?

by Megan Chmelik, ND
08-05-2015 
Calling into question decades of previous research, this randomized double-blind study of adolescents found that high doses of vitamin D did not demonstrate appreciable decreases in parameters assessing metabolic syndrome.

Raisins Improve Glycemic Control

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
07-01-2015 
Raisins are fruit, but they’re also about 79% carbohydrate by weight. Yet, according to this study, participants who consumed raisins had a significant 23% reduction in postprandial glucose levels as compared to those who consumed a 100-calorie “snack pack.”

The Bleach Paradox

by Sarah Bedell Cook, ND
07-01-2015 
Even though bleach is a broad-spectrum disinfectant, its use is associated with greater risk of infections in children according to this study of children in Spain, the Netherlands, and Finland. The findings underline the important of using nontoxic alternatives to bleach for household cleaning.

Glucose Metabolism, Satiety, and the Paleo Diet

by Daniel Chong, ND
07-01-2015 
This randomized cross-over trial of 24 healthy men suggests possible benefits of the Paleo diet, but it raises more questions than it answers.

Crocin and Major Depressive Disorder

by Setareh Tais, ND
07-01-2015 
In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study, researchers found that adding crocin (a constituent of saffron) to a patient’s selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor dosage led to greatly improved scores on several depression indices.

Effectiveness of Acupuncture in Osteoarthritis

by Carl Hangee-Bauer, ND, LAc
06-03-2015 
This systematic review and meta-analysis reaffirms what many integrative healthcare professionals already know—that our patients may benefit greatly from the noninvasive, accessible therapy of acupuncture.

Male Infertility and the Seminal Fluid Microbiota

by Setareh Tais, ND
06-03-2015 
According to this preliminary study, the bacterial communities found in semen have significant impact on male fertility. Will the future of treating male infertility revolve around a simple dose of Lactobacillus?

Blueberries vs Hypertension

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
06-03-2015 
Blueberries may deserve a place on the list of “heart-healthy foods,” according to this randomized controlled trial. Study participants showed remarkable decreases in blood pressure after the daily addition of freeze-dried blueberry powder to their diet.

N-acetyl-cysteine to Treat Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome?

by Megan Chmelik, ND
06-03-2015 
Research into natural treatments for PCOS has been rare, but according to this literature review, supplementation with the nutrient N-acetyl-cysteine may alleviate many symptoms of PCOS and address factors that contribute to infertility.

Can Eating Certain Fruits Lower the Risk of Diabetes?

by Eliza Klearman, ND, LAc
05-27-2015 
In this prospective longitudinal cohort study, investigators studied data from healthcare professionals to understand the impact of fruit consumption on the risk of patients developing type 2 diabetes. They found that greater consumption of specific whole fruits—particularly blueberries, grapes, and apples—is significantly associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, but greater consumption of fruit juice is associated with a higher risk.