Abstracts & Commmentary

Lower Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 and Live Longer?

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
09-03-2014 
A groundbreaking study recently suggested that low levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) may predict life expectancy in exceptionally long-lived individuals.

Neighborhood Green Space Can Predict Mental Health Status

by Kurt Beil, ND, LAc, MPH
09-03-2014 
This cross-sectional analysis, comparing mental health status with neighborhood green space, found that green space significantly reduced 3 measures of depression according to participant responses to the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale.

Polycystic Ovarian Spectrum

by Jaclyn Chasse, ND
08-28-2014 
For this prospective, cohort study, 507 menstrual cycles of 259 eumenorrheic women without a self-reported history of infertility, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), or other endocrine disorders were tracked over 1 to 2 menstrual cycles. The wide-ranging results support the theory that PCOS can be redefined as polycystic ovary spectrum, with even healthy menstruating women experiencing occasional hormonal dysfunction.

Antidiabetic Effects of Ginseng Extract

by Lorinda Sorensen, ND, LAc
08-28-2014 
After an 8-week intervention of ingesting 480 mg of panax ginseng twice daily, study participants demonstrated a statistically significant difference in their fasting glucose level while other glucose measures showed a slight, if not statistically significant, improvement over placebo.

Vitamin D Status and In-Vitro Fertilization Outcomes

by Setareh Tais, ND
08-28-2014 
In a study of 99 recipients of egg donation at the University of Southern California Fertility Center, Los Angeles, vitamin D deficiency was associated with a 50% reduction in pregnancy and live-birth rates in recipients of donor eggs compared to patients who had adequate vitamin D levels.

Should Curcumin Be Used with Chemotherapy?

by Kirsten West, ND, LAc, FABNO
08-06-2014 
In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, participants were randomized to receive either curcuminoids (curcumin) or matched placebo for 8 week. The curcumin group demonstrated improvement in biomarkers and quality of life measures, but more studies are needed to prove curcumin’s efficacy as an adjunct to chemotherapy.

Horses Lead the Way to Stress Reduction in Dementia Sufferers

by William Benda, MD
08-06-2014 
In a recent study involving Alzheimer's patients, horse therapy improved behavior and stress measures. This research echoes existing literature about how animals can help dementia sufferers.

Is Avoiding Sun Exposure Lethal?

by Michael Traub, ND, DHANP, FABNO
08-06-2014 
A 20-year follow-up study based on the Melanoma in Southern Sweden study concluded that all-cause mortality was inversely related to sun-exposure habits—but why do the authors not consider vitamin D supplementation, which is proven to enrich the body while not causing skin cancers?

Honey and Coffee Better Than Oral Steroids for Persistent Cough

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
07-23-2014 
An Iranian double-blind randomized controlled trial compared the effectiveness of 3 treatments for reducing severity of persistent coughs that follow upper respiratory infections (the treatment groups were the honey-coffee group, steroid group, and control [guaifenesin] group). The decrease in cough frequency for the honey-coffee group was statistically significant and significantly greater than in the steroid or control groups.

Bacterial Growth in Arteries Implicated in Heart Attacks

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
07-18-2014 
Using diseased carotid artery samples from 15 patients, the authors of this study found eubacterial rRNA hiding in the arterial tissue, bacteria that may trigger heart disease. This finding represents the beginning of a paradigm shift in how clinicians view bacteria, biofilms, and cardiovascular disease.

Probiotic Treatment of Sensitive Skin

by Michael Traub, ND, DHANP, FABNO
07-02-2014 
After 2 months of use in this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial, Lactobacillus paracasei showed a positive effect on skin sensitivity and skin barrier function recovery.

Nut Consumption and Mortality

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
07-02-2014 
Data from 2 large, long-term, prospective cohort studies were analyzed, and they proved that nut consumption was inversely associated with total mortality among both women and men, with those who reported consuming nuts daily 20% less likely to have died during the study.

Exposure to Residential Green Space Improves Mental Health

by Kurt Beil, ND, LAc, MPH
07-02-2014 
A recent analysis of a 6-year survey of 1,064 urban British adults tracked a significant improvement in mental health status when participants moved to a location with more surrounding urban green space.

Cinnamon and Blood Sugar Revisited

by Mona Morstein, ND
07-02-2014 
A recent meta-analysis examined 10 randomized controlled trials that provided data on the effect of cinnamon (Cinnamomum spp) on type-2 diabetes. Findings were mixed, with certain diabetes biomarkers alleviated by cinnamon and others unaffected.

Do Statins Increase Risk of Breast Cancer?

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
06-04-2014 
Women currently using statins who had been taking them for 10 years or longer had an 83% higher risk of getting invasive ductal carcinoma and nearly double the risk of invasive lobular carcinoma compared with women who never used statins.

Systematic Review of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Clostridium difficile

by Carmen Campbell, ND
06-04-2014 
A systematic review of studies on fecal microbiota transplantation for Clostridium difficile infection found that the treatment results in significant clinical resolution of symptoms.

Lycopene, Tomatoes, and Prostate Cancer

by Kaycie Rosen Grigel, ND
06-04-2014 
A prospective study seeks to elucidate the relationship between lycopene and its potential role in the prevention or treatment of prostate cancer.

Obesity a Significant Comorbid Concern With Statins

by Michael T. Murray, ND
06-04-2014 
New findings indicate that increase in BMI is faster in the group of individuals taking statins as compared to non–statin users, and over time, calorie and fat intake increase in people taking statin medications.

High-Protein Diets and Longevity

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
05-07-2014 
This study looked at overall and disease-specific mortality in relation to dietary protein consumption. The results suggest that low protein intake during middle age followed by moderate to high protein consumption in older adults may optimize health and longevity.

Topical Curcumin for the Prevention of Oral Mucositis in Pediatric Patients

by Kirsten West, ND, LAc, FABNO
05-07-2014 
Oral mucositis can significantly compromise a patient’s quality of life. Due to the strong need to find an effective treatment for this condition, the use of topical curcumin, as this study hints, might offer benefit to this end.