Abstracts & Commmentary

Cinnamon and Blood Sugar

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
12-01-2012 
The bottom line is that although Akilen’s new study provides the statistical strength to tell us that cinnamon does have an effect, the effect turns out to be modest and is surpassed by other supplements, as well as lifestyle and pharmaceutical interventions. Our patients who think that sprinkling cinnamon on their toast will fix their diabetes are barking up the wrong tree.

Healthcare Provider Empathy and Clinical Outcomes in Diabetes

by Catherine Ulbricht, PharmD, MBA[c]
12-01-2012 
This retrospective correlational study finds physician empathy to help in reducing serious metabolic complications from diabetes. Groups whose physicians had high empathy scores had significantly fewer patients with acute metabolic complications.

Vitamin D and Risk of Acute Respiratory Tract Infection

by Matthew Baral, ND
11-01-2012 
It seems clear from this study that even when vitamin D dosing may not be optimal it can still have a large impact on the health of children.

Blueberries Protect DNA

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
11-01-2012 
A study published in August 2007 in which 168 volunteers drank a daily glass of blueberry/apple juice for a month found that plasma quercetin, ascorbic acid, and trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) were significantly increased. The researchers reported a 20% protection (P<0.01) against ex vivo hydrogen peroxide-provoked oxidative DNA damage.2

Fish Oil and Heart Disease

by Douglas MacKay, ND
11-01-2012 
For adults, an intake of 8 or more ounces per week—about 20% of total recommended intake of protein foods—of a variety of seafood is recommended.

Creatine as a Natural Adjunct to Depression Treatment

by Peter Bongiorno, ND, LAc
11-01-2012 
A randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial of women with major depressive disorder showed that creatine enhanced the effect of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor.

High Lead Levels Increase Risk of Gout

by Walter Crinnion, ND
11-01-2012 
Data from 6,153 US residents over the age of 40 were used in the study to look for an association between blood lead levels and gout attacks. The researchers tracked of the amount of purine-containing foods participants consumed. The study accounted for confounding factors that might affect gout risk.

High Fructose Corn Syrup and Pancreatic Cancer

by Lena Suhaila, ND
10-01-2012 
A systemic review and meta analysis of 10 cohort studies reveals that a diet high in fructose is associated with an increase in the risk of pancreatic cancer. However, no statistically significant association was found between intakes of total carbohydrates, sucrose glycemic index, or glycemic load and pancreatic cancer.

Frequent Chocolate Consumption May Lower BMI

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
10-01-2012 
Previous studies have linked chocolate consumption with decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, but patients are still hesitant to increase consumption for fear of weight gain. This study will put those fears to rest.

Type 2 Diabetes, Depression, and Magnesium

by Carolyn Dean, MD, ND
10-01-2012 
This cross-sectional study observed 210 type 2 diabetes patients aged 65 years and above. Patients were interviewed on lifestyle and 24-hour dietary recall. Assessment of depression was based on DSM-IV criteria.

The Effects of Meditation and Exercise on Acute Respiratory Infections

by Setareh Tais, ND
10-01-2012 
In a study that included 149 healthy adults over 50 years of age, researchers compared the effects of mindfulness meditation and moderate-intensity exercise on incidence, duration, and severity of acute respiratory infections.

25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels and Mortality

by Alan R. Gaby, MD
10-01-2012 
247,574 individuals of all ages from Copenhagen, Denmark, whose serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level had been measured by their general practitioner between April 2004 and January 2010 participated in a retrospective observational study to find out if there is an association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and all-cause mortality.

Vitamin D Levels and Mortality in Metabolic Syndrome

by Gregory A. Plotnikoff, MD, MTS, FACP
10-01-2012 
In a prospective cohort study, researchers tracked vitamin D levels in 1,801 white people in southwest Germany with metabolic syndrome who underwent elective coronary angiography between 1997 and 2000.

N-Acetylcysteine in the Treatment of Childhood Autism

by Kaycie Rosen Grigel, ND
09-01-2012 
Some models are now indicating that the expression of ASD traits are associated with glutamate receptor dysregulation, rather than absolute glutamate levels.

Omega-3 Fatty Acid and Epilepsy

by Barry W. Ritz, PhD
09-01-2012 
Patients had experienced at least 2 refractory focal seizures per month in the 3 months prior to the study and were on between 1 and 4 antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Patients were excluded if their diet included oily fish (>1 meal/week) or omega-3 fatty acid supplements. Patients were administered 1,000 mg of EPA daily for 12 weeks, in concurrence with their existing AED treatment, and recorded seizure activity throughout the study.

The Complex Health Effects of Coffee

by Petra Eichelsdoerfer, ND, CN, RPh
09-01-2012 
In longitudinal cohort study, 440,260 participants were followed for 14 years to measure the effects and outcomes of drinking coffee.

Ubiquinol for Idiopathic Male Factor Infertility

by Setareh Tais, ND
09-01-2012 
In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study, 114 healthy men with primary, idiopathic male infertility were given 200 mg ubiquinol per day for 26 weeks, while the other 114 men who participated received a placebo to find out if there would be any changes in sperm concentration.

Acupuncture Improves COPD Symptoms

by Winston Cardwell, ND, LAc
08-01-2012 
One half of 68 participants with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease received “real acupuncture," while the other half received “sham acupuncture," over a 12 week period to measure how well participants tolerated the 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT) in regards to severity of dyspnea on exertion (DOE).

Benefits of Melatonin in Solid Tumors When Used Concurrently With Chemotherapy

by Renee Lang, ND, FABNO
08-01-2012 
In 8 randomized controlled trials, a control group receiving standard chemo/radiotherapy was compared to an intervention group receiving the same treatment with the addition of melatonin to find out if melatonin affects tumor remission, overall survival, and mitigation of treatment side effects.

Metformin Reduces Cancer Mortality in Diabetics

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
08-01-2012 
Starting in 1995, the University Hospital Clinic in Turin, Italy collected data on 3,685 patients treated for type-2 diabetes for comparison with the general population of the city. The patients were followed for 4.5 years to find out which diabetic medications had the lowest risk of causing cancer.