Abstracts & Commmentary

Sunlight Exposure and Development of Lymphoid Malignancies

by Alan R. Gaby, MD
02-01-2012 
While excessive UVR exposure is clearly undesirable, the results of the present study support other evidence indicating that spending a moderate amount of time in the sun can be beneficial.

Safety and Efficacy of Melatonin in Children

by Jaclyn Chasse, ND
02-01-2012 
In the area of pediatric anesthesia, melatonin has been studied as an alternative to general anesthesia for diagnostic procedures such as MRI or brainstem audiology. It has also been studied as a premedication to general anesthesia for surgical procedures. Study results conflict as to the efficacy of melatonin as an effective alternative.

Pistachio Nuts and Erectile Dysfunction

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
02-01-2012 
Given these collected data, we should feel confident at encouraging pistachio consumption for patients with undesirable cardiovascular risk factors, and we should now entertain the same prescription for those with erectile dysfunction.

Dietary Magnesium and Stroke Prevention

by Carolyn Dean, MD, ND
02-01-2012 
One health practice that you, as practitioners, can easily encourage is a higher intake of magnesium for your patients. The foods to advise are deep green leafy vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and seeds. The oral supplements come in many forms. However, magnesium oxide is the least absorbed form. If a patient finds the laxative effect too strong with oral supplements, you could suggest magnesium oils, creams, and gels or magnesium baths with Epsom salts.

The Role of an Herbal Supplement in Lowering Biomarkers for Breast Cancer

by Sherry Torkos, RPh
02-01-2012 
Avoiding known risk factors for breast cancer, such as alcohol ingestion and use of oral contraceptives and HRT, and maintaining a healthy body weight and getting regular physical activity are important measures for breast cancer prevention. Dietary supplements may play a supportive role in reducing risk.

Zinc Lozenges for the Common Cold

by Barry W. Ritz, PhD
02-01-2012 
Zinc may be effective at reducing the duration of symptoms of the common cold when taken at early onset and at a dose greater than 75 mg per day.

Antioxidant Use After Breast Cancer Diagnosis

by Lise Alschuler, ND, FABNO
02-01-2012 
The slowly accumulating evidence of the danger of supplemental carotenoids, notably beta-carotene, cannot be ignored.

Association of Oral Magnesium with Type-2 Diabetes

by Carolyn Dean, MD, ND
01-01-2012 
Magnesium intake by the study population was inadequate and a high percentage of individuals presented alterations in the status of this mineral.

A Spoonful of Peanut Butter Helps the Veggies Go Down

by Jared Skowron, ND
12-01-2011 
Vegetable intake in children is very low in the United States. The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance studies indicate more than 75% of children do not eat the recommended 5 servings of fruits and vegetables daily. Allowing children to pair a good-tasting food with vegetables increases the amount and variety of vegetables children will eat.

Clowns Help Children with Respiratory Infections Get Well Faster

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
12-01-2011 
During their hospitalization the experimental group of children interacted with 2 clowns who were experienced with working with hospitalized children. Assessments made to measure the effect of the clown sessions included duration of stay in the hospital, duration of the fever period and time taken to achieve clinical recovery.

Benefits of Integrative Cancer Treatments for Lung Cancer Patients

by Renee Lang, ND, FABNO
12-01-2011 
The study suggests that continued, not short-term, implementation of an integrative, holistic approach to cancer treatment confers a survival benefit principally at years 1 and 2 after diagnosis with NSCLC. Although this study provides a beginning foundation of information upon which to build future prospective studies, the conclusions drawn lose significance with further scrutiny.

BRCA Methylation Implicated in Breast Cancer Carcinogenesis

by Lise Alschuler, ND, FABNO
12-01-2011 
Tunisian women who had no family history of breast cancer or BRCA mutation were investigated for the methylation status of BRCA1 and BRCA2 promoters using methylation-specific PCR. Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women in Tunisia, and breast cancer in Tunisia is characterized by its increased incidence of a younger age at onset and a more aggressive tumor phenotype.

Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Colorectal Cancer

by Katherine Neubauer, ND, FABNO
12-01-2011 
The study included 1,033 patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer and 1,011 controls from 33 counties in the central and eastern part of North Carolina. African-Americans were oversampled to be proportionate to their incidence of colorectal cancer. Nurses interviewed participants for demographics and dietary intake using a validated questionnaire.

Weight Lifting Prevents Lymphedema After Breast Cancer Surgery

by Michael Uzick, ND, FABNO
12-01-2011 
This is the first well-controlled and sufficiently powered clinical trial to demonstrate that weight training does not increase the incidence of lymphedema after axillary node dissection and may significantly reduce the risk among breast cancer survivors who have had 5 or more axillary lymph nodes removed.

Radiation Therapy for Breast Cancer Causes Long-Term Heart Toxicity

by Tina Kaczor, ND, FABNO
11-01-2011 
The use of adjuvant radiation therapy in women who have undergone a lumpectomy for breast cancer has become routine practice. The findings from the current study substantiate the body of evidence that has accumulated showing that radiation therapy does have long-term consequences to the heart muscle and vasculature.

Dark Chocolate Reduces Exercise-Induced Oxidative Stress

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
11-01-2011 
In a randomized, counterbalanced, crossover designed trial, 20 active men consumed chocolate or a placebo for 2 weeks and then performed a bout of prolonged cycling. Those consuming dark chocolate had lower F2-isoprostanes at exhaustion and during recovery. Consuming dark chocolate lowered levels of oxidized low-density lipoproteins both before and after exercise. Chocolate consumption was also associated with ~21% greater increase in free fatty acids during exercise.

Are Breast Thermograms Accurate Enough to Use?

by Katherine Neubauer, ND, FABNO
11-01-2011 
It's time to reconsider the use of breast thermography in breast cancer screening and breast mass assessment. Thermography remains a controversial topic in integrative oncology. Although digital thermography is FDA approved for adjunctive breast imaging to clarify results of mammography or breast MRI, it is often employed for broader applications. In particular, some practitioners and patients use thermography for cancer screening, to evaluate palpated masses, and as an alternative to mammography.

Dietary Supplements and Mortality Rate in Older Women

by Douglas MacKay, ND
11-01-2011 
Observational study assessing the relationship between supplement use and total mortality rate in older women. The study utilized data from the Iowa Women's Health Study, which was originally designed to examine associations between several host, dietary, and lifestyle factors and the incidence of cancer in postmenopausal women.

Selenium and Vitamin E Cancer Prevention Trial (SELECT) and the Risk of Prostate Cancer

by Geovanni Espinosa, ND, LAc, CNS
11-01-2011 
Participants without prostate cancer were monitored every 6 months with an annual limited physical examination including blood pressure, weight, and smoking status; participants who developed prostate cancer during the study were monitored annually thereafter.