Abstracts & Commmentary

Low Levels of the Essential Fatty Acid DHA Associated With Greater Military Suicide Risk

by Keri Marshall, ND
10-01-2011 
This study clearly demonstrates the impact of nutritional deficiency and the role it may play in mental health status.

Night Shift Work Decreases Risk of Melanoma

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
10-01-2011 
It is possible that higher melatonin levels may be beneficial in people with stable circadian rhythms, but in night workers with unstable rhythms, simple suppression of melatonin may be more beneficial.

Glucosamine May Lower Lung Cancer Risk

by Tina Kaczor, ND, FABNO
10-01-2011 
Glucosamine is commonly used for joint support, and it has attracted very little interest for any other use outside of osteoarthritic pain. This large epidemiological study gives us reason to look at other unexpected benefits to this simple molecule. The risk of lung adenocarcinoma was cut approximately in half in those taking glucosamine at least 4 times per week for 3 years.

Broccoli: Alternatives to Eating It Raw

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
10-01-2011 
Cruciferous plants use sulforaphane to ward off bacterial, viral, and fungal infection. Given the quantity of research that suggests the phytochemical sulforaphane plays a desirable role in promoting health, we should encourage our patients to consume foods or supplements that will provide this chemical. This study adds valuable information on how to do so.

Long-Term Effects of a Lifestyle Intervention on Weight and Cardiovascular Risk

by Christine Toomasi, ND
09-01-2011 
Patients can feel overwhelmed when diagnosed with diabetes, often due to the expectation of lifestyle change with minimal clinical support. Exercise and healthy, balanced meals are interventions commonly used by integrative practitioners for diabetic patients. While this trial does a great job of highlighting the importance of these interventions, more significantly it emphasizes the importance of consistent education, support, and behavioral strategies. Although the endpoint of cardiovascular events cannot be determined without further follow-up, it would seem reasonable that the changes noted thus far in the intervention group will result in decreased cardiovascular events based on the reduction of CVD risk factors.

Antidepressants and Dementia: More Risk than Benefit?

by Christie Fleetwood, ND, RPh
09-01-2011 
It's time to reconsider the use of antidepressants in Alzheimer's sufferers. Instead, we should focus on true prevention: eating real foods, drinking clean water, exercising daily exercise in a way we enjoy, engaging in healthy relationships, keeping minds active, and maintaining supportive social structures.

Berberine Calms GI Upset From Radiation Therapy

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
09-01-2011 
The results of several cohorts were reported in this paper. Thirty-six patients with seminoma or lymphomas were treated; half received the trial medication, the remainder placebo. Forty-two patients with cervical cancer were also treated, again half with medication and half with placebo. Taking berberine significantly decreased the incidence and severity of radiation-induced acute intestinal syndrome in these patients compared to the patients in the control group.

Colic Improves With Acupuncture

by Jaclyn Chasse, ND
09-01-2011 
Ninety otherwise healthy infants aged 2 to 8 weeks with infantile colic were randomized to receive acupuncture or no treatment. No sham acupuncture was administered.

Restless Leg Syndrome and Melatonin

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
08-01-2011 
This small study may in time be seen as one of the first clinical trials that eventually lead to a change in the way we approach restless leg syndrome (RLS) treatment in clinical practice.

Multiple Pesticide Exposures Increases Lymphoma Risk

by Tina Kaczor, ND, FABNO
08-01-2011 
A case-control study using multiple logistic regression analysis to assess the relationship between the number of pesticides used and ensuing risk of developing NHL. Exposure data was gotten from the Cross-Canada Study of Pesticides and Health, gathered between 1991 and 1994. Ensuing cases of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) were found through hospital records or cancer registries.

Dietary Intervention in Infancy and Later Signs of Beta-Cell Autoimmunity

by Christine Toomasi, ND
08-01-2011 
With the incidence of type 1 diabetes rising faster than it has previously among children, food content in early childhood has been postulated to impact the risk of developing this disease later in life. In particular, early exposure to complex protein (found in cow's milk-based formula) and shortened breastfeeding duration could be risk factors for beta cell autoimmunity. In this trial, researchers from the Trial to Reduce IDDM in the Genetically at Risk (TRIGR) project investigated the effect of early dietary intervention during infancy on genetically susceptible infants.

Magnesium Supplementation Reduces Hot Flashes in Women with Breast Cancer

by Michael T. Murray, ND
08-01-2011 
Magnesium supplementation was found to be associated with a significant reduction in frequency/week of hot flashes and hot flash score. Reductions in fatigue, sweating, and distress were all significant.

Time for a Siesta?

by Teresa Silliman, ND
08-01-2011 
Napping in the mid-day is a custom in many cultures throughout the world. Whether such naps affect nighttime sleeping patterns by lessening the duration or quality of nighttime sleep has been debated. This study suggests that nighttime sleep duration and quality are not impaired by regular napping.

Antioxidant Use During Treatment for Breast Cancer

by Tina Kaczor, ND, FABNO
07-01-2011 
The theoretical risk of interference with antioxidant compounds during treatment for cancer has been given as the reason to avoid all supplementation while receiving conventional therapies. This study shows the use of the antioxidants vitamin C and vitamin E during and after treatment with chemotherapy has a statistically significant impact on both mortality and risk of recurrence.

The Potato Chip Study

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
07-01-2011 
Weight gain or loss is complex. Increasing consumption of healthy foods and avoidance of bad foods, especially potatoes, leads to weight loss. This concept is not new to any of us. Simple carbohydrates increase weight gain.

Fried Fish and Heart Failure

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
07-01-2011 
Eating 5 or more servings of baked or broiled fish per week lowered the risk of heart failure by 30%. Eating fried fish 1 or more times a week was associated with a 48% increase in risk for heart failure. No association was seen between consumption of omega-3 fish oil supplements or trans fatty acids with heart failure.

Mindfulness and Menopause

by Lena Suhaila, ND
07-01-2011 
Subjects were randomized to 8 weekly 2.5-hour Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) classes, plus an all-day class on a weekend day during the 6th week and guided instruction to be practiced at home on days they did not have class. The study measures bothersomeness and intensity of hot flashes and night sweats, and their impact on quality of life, sleep quality, anxiety, and perceived stress.This is frequently seen in menopause: Negative emotions and psychological distress are reported in conjunction with hot flashes.

Coffee's Effects on Breast Cancer

by Lise Alschuler, ND, FABNO
07-01-2011 
This study clearly demonstrates a preventive effect of on ER- breast cancer from consumption of at least 5 cups of boiled coffee daily. The body of literature on the relationship between coffee intake and breast cancer is quite mixed. There are studies with similar findings to those of this study. However, there are also studies that show a reduction in risk of ER+ breast cancers from coffee. There yet other studies that suggest an increased risk of ER- breast cancer associated with caffeine intake.

Cell Phone Exposure Shown to Increase Brain Glucose Metabolism

by Jennifer Brusewitz, ND
06-01-2011 
For years, medical experts and scientists have voiced concerns regarding the questionable safety of cell phone use, but even with the evidence mounting, this alluring technology is hard to resist. Humankind's increasing use of cell phones, 5 billion users worldwide, necessitates a thorough, unbiased look at the risks.

Green Tea and L-Theanine in Mild Cognitive Impairment

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
06-01-2011 
Green tea, and especially l-theanine, should be added to a growing list of possible therapies for treating early Alzheimer's disease. Although the improvements measured in this study were modest, these data taken in context with other studies create a convincing argument that L-theanine with green tea polyphenols and caffeine provide clinical benefit.