Abstracts & Commmentary
10-01-2010 Blueberries are a new and attractive option to add to our current assortment of things that improve insulin sensitivity. The best-proven and safest ways to increase insulin sensitivity are still exercise and weight loss. Weight reduction reduces insulin resistance in both children and adults, especially in combination with exercise.
09-01-2010 While most Americans consume less than recommended amounts of Mg, some but not all, previous research indicates that asthma sufferers tend to have even lower Mg status than do other Americans.Mg is believed to have bronchodilatory and anti-inflammatory effects that might help asthma patients. However, previous Mg trials studying therapeutic effects in asthmatics have produced only mixed results. The primary factor separating the current trial from previous negative reports is duration. The 6.5-month intervention used by these researchers was significantly longer than the 3- to 12-week interventions employed elsewhere.
09-01-2010 There are several limitations to this study that render the conclusions dramatically overstated. Meta-analysis can be a useful tool, but it is important to note that this meta-analysis is based on a collection of past studies that have different designs, end points, doses and study populations.Patient level and trial level meta-analysis of previously completed randomized control trials (RCTs) involving calcium supplementation. The researchers objective was to investigate the effect of calcium supplementation on the risk of cardiovascular events based on the combined data from previous RCTs. Eligible studies included RCTs using calcium supplements (elemental calcium > 500 mg/day), with more than 100 participants of mean age 40 years and study duration of more than one year. Trials involving co-administration of calcium and vitamin D were excluded from the analysis.
09-01-2010 It is time for us to actively encourage patients to adhere as closely as possible to a Mediterranean style diet. This study is just one of a series of recent papers that have looked at the correlation between specific diseases and adherence to a Mediterranean style diet, studies that consistently find benefit.
08-01-2010 Preventive medicine practitioners have been big fans of selenium for years and often cite Clark et al 1996 Nutritional Prevention of Cancer (NPC) as the reason for their use of selenium in cancer prevention. The NPC study followed 1,312 patients who had had basal cell or squamous cell carcinomas of the skin. They were randomized to receive either 200 mcg of selenium yeast or placebo and followed from 1983 through 1991.
08-01-2010 According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 47.4% of preschool-age children and 25.4% of school-age children worldwide are anemic. Approximately half these anemias are thought to be due to iron deficiency. In the United States, WHO does not consider anemia to be a public health problem, as only 3.1% of preschool age children were found to be anemic. However, poor, minority and immigrant children and toddlers are still at risk for iron deficiency with and without anemia. This study by Sazawal points to a potential solution to the global concern of nutritional deficiencies, and it specifically provides a new insight to anemia treatment and prevention.
08-01-2010 The WHEL study intervention diet included a daily diet of 5 vegetables (a vegetable serving was defined as any 1/2-cup serving of raw or cooked vegetables or 1 cup of raw leafy vegetables excluding iceberg lettuce and white potatoes), 3 fruits, 16 oz. vegetable juice, 30 g fiber, and 20% energy from fat. The WHEL Study protocol included a baseline clinic visit to assess baseline characteristics. Dietary intakes were then assessed in 24-hour dietary recalls in 4 prescheduled telephone calls. At study entry (baseline), participants completed questionnaires regarding menopause history, use of menopausal hormone therapy, other lifestyle behaviors and cancer occurrence. Cancer outcomes were assessed from annual self-administered questionnaires, with 93% of cancers confirmed with a review of pathology reports.
08-01-2010 Much may be said by critics of natural medicine regarding the findings of this new report. However, I do not believe these findings should affect how we practice. The subjects in the current trial were from the Glucosamine/chondroitin Arthritis Intervention Trial (GAIT). GAIT, unlike most related trials, found essentially no clinical efficacy for CS or for glucosamine (from GHCl). Given that the clinical outcomes of GAIT were different from most published reports, we would not expect an exploration of the pharmacokinetics of the CS and GHCl used by GAIT researchers to point us toward likely therapeutic mechanisms.
07-02-2010 This study is the first to show an association between folate status of the mothers and behavioral outcomes in their children. In addition, they also found that decreased head-growth velocity was also associated with lower folate levels during pregnancy. It should be noted that head growth is a rough indicator of brain growth. However, there was an association here, indicating that in utero folate status does affect neurodevelopment, and decreased fetal brain growth is one of the results. It is well known that inadequate prenatal folate intake will affect other aspects of nervous system development, evidenced by its relationship to spina bifida and other spinal dysraphisms. This study also provides information as to when folate status may be more important.
07-01-2010 This is the first published report examining the effects of omega-3 fatty acids on neuropathic pain. A variety of potential mechanisms explaining how EPA and DHA might reduce such pain have been suggested (eg, the blocking of voltage-gated sodium channels) but to date these mechanistic explanations remain hypothetical.
07-01-2010 This is only the latest in a series of studies on cherry juice and muscle recovery after exertion that have suggested similar benefits. Taken together these studies affirm the growing perception that cherry juice is a useful aid in preventing pain and inflammation, although these studies focus on a particular form of injury (ie, exercise-induced muscle injury and pain). Cherry juice may serve in many situations as an adequate substitute or replacement for either aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) but without the side effects or health risks associated with these medications.
07-01-2010 After a 2-week baseline Western Diet, participants ate one of 3 diets, all providing similar caloric intake for 4 weeks. The control diet contained no pistachios and was lower fat (25% total fat). The two other diets contained either 1 or 2 servings of pistachios each day. A serving consisted of 32 to 63 grams of nuts.The quantity of LDL found in the blood is a long-established marker for cardiovascular disease risk. More recently, the amount of oxidized LDL (Ox-LDL) has gained recognition as a contributing factor for the initiation and progression of cardiovascular disease. High levels of Ox-LDL are associated with greater risk of metabolic syndrome, coronary heart disease, and acute coronary syndrome. Lowering Ox-LDL, as this study tells us pistachios will do, is an important goal for disease prevention. Prior studies have already established that eating pistachios improves standard lipid profiles.