Abstracts & Commmentary
08-07-2019 An interventional trial finds vitamin D supplements specifically benefit patients with lung cancer who were vitamin D–deficient to begin with, supporting an individualized approach to supplementation in this population.
08-07-2019 Study finds that blueberries improve pain, stiffness, and gait but do not reduce biomarkers of inflammation in patients with knee osteoarthritis.
07-02-2019 A comprehensive analysis of data from 2 large cohorts, followed for several decades, suggests that sugar-sweetened beverages are a grave public health risk.
07-02-2019 Sophisticated inpatient trial and several other new studies confirm the harm of ultra-processed foods.
07-02-2019 The mental health benefits of gardening have been recognized for centuries and confirmed by modern-day science, but a recent study is among the first to explore the mechanism of action using biomarker data.
07-02-2019 A study in both human volunteers and mice shows the benefit of autologous fecal transplant for reconstitution of the microbiome following antibiotic treatment. But what about probiotics?
07-02-2019 Study finds a brief, one-sentence assurance from a physician in response to a patients’ allergic reaction significantly reduces allergic symptoms.
06-05-2019 Many studies have assessed the benefits of exercise in men with prostate cancer, but a recent study is the first to look specifically at the association of physical activity and risk of progression in men who are on active surveillance. Can vigorous exercise delay prostate cancer progression?
06-05-2019 A population cohort study from the United Kingdom finds a significant relationship between air quality and the occurrence of psychotic events during adolescence (between the ages of 12 and 18).
06-05-2019 A placebo-controlled trial compares the effects of pomegranate juice, pomegranate juice with synbiotics, and a synbiotic-only beverage on insulin parameters in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Is the addition of pomegranate juice worth the extra sugar and calories?
06-05-2019 Study comparing low-carbohydrate, moderate-carbohydrate, and high-carbohydrate diets identifies key mechanism regarding sustainable weight loss.
05-22-2019 Fitness trackers and similar technologies, a multibillion dollar industry, provide users with a plethora of information. Many collect data not just on step count or miles covered, but on physiologic measures of fitness and health such as heart rate and sleep patterns. But how reliable is the data?
05-22-2019 Clinical trial finds a novel mode of blue light delivery improves mood in teenagers suffering from depression.
05-22-2019 Light at night (LAN), often called “light pollution,” has been identified as a public health threat. A recent study links LAN specifically to increased prevalence of depression and suicide or suicidal ideation.
05-22-2019 Melatonin use among adults has nearly doubled in the last decade, but comprehensive data on adverse effects is lacking. A recent randomized controlled trial used a creative setup to explore whether or not melatonin increases aggressive tendencies, an effect that has been observed in animals.
05-22-2019 Clock genes help control circadian rhythms. Several polymorphisms of the CLOCK gene, one of the first such genes to be discovered, have been identified. Could variations in the CLOCK gene explain differences in aging quality?
05-01-2019 Delirium is a common complication among patients in the intensive care unit, but treatment options are limited and pose additional risks. Could melatonin, a simple and nontoxic intervention, be an effective therapy for this condition?
05-01-2019 Exposure to green space has been shown to improve mental health in both children and adults. A large study involving nearly 1 million people is the first to show a relationship between green space exposure during childhood and risk of mental illness in adulthood.
05-01-2019 A retrospective study finds that children with type 1 diabetes who experience partial remission (“honeymoon” phase) have lower low-density cholesterol levels up to 5 years post-diagnosis, prompting the question: could interventions to protect islet cells prevent long-term complications?
04-17-2019 Research shows lack of sleep disrupts glymphatic clearance of β-amyloid, revealing a potential association between sleep disturbance and neurodegenerative disorders of the brain.