Abstracts & Commmentary

Vitamins Might Help After Heart Attacks

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
08-15-2018 
A subgroup analysis of the Trial to Assess Chelation Therapy (TACT) suggests a high-dose oral multivitamin (OMV) may provide protection from cardiovascular events for some, but not all, post-MI patients.

Fiber Feeds Bacteria to Control Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

by Mark Davis, ND
08-15-2018 
In a randomized clinical trial, participants with type 2 diabetes consuming a high-fiber diet showed better glycemic control, an expected finding. But the mechanism underlying fiber’s benefits, as suggested in the study, challenge conventional wisdom.

Breast Tissue Microbiota

by Tina Kaczor, ND, FABNO
08-13-2018 
Naturopathic practitioners have long assumed that breast tissue, conventionally assumed to be sterile, harbored bacteria. Evidence from recent studies supports the existence of a distinct breast microbiome. A new study by Hieken et al compared the breast microbiome in benign breast disease to the microbiome in cancerous breast tissue, with fascinating observations.

Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate and Facial Dysmorphology in Trisomy 21

by Paul Richard Saunders, PhD, ND, DHANP, CCH
08-01-2018 
Study finds that low-dose epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) improves facial dysmorphology associated with trisomy-21 in mouse genetic models and human subjects.

Do Cruciferous Vegetables Contribute to Endometriosis?

by Lorinda Sorensen, ND, LAc
08-01-2018 
A prospective dietary study of a large cohort of women seeks to determine the influence of fruit and vegetable consumption on risk of endometriosis. One explanation of the surprising findings supports the role of gut inflammation in the genesis of endometriosis.

Topical Milk Thistle for Capecitabine-Induced Hand-Foot Syndrome

by Kirsten West, ND, LAc, FABNO
07-05-2018 
Capecitabine-induced hand-foot syndrome (HFS) is a potentially treatment-limiting complication of chemotherapy. Could topical milk thistle (silymarin) mitigate capecitabine’s toxicity?

Low-Carbohydrate Diet as Treatment for Type I Diabetes in Children

by Mona Morstein, ND
07-05-2018 
Impressive results from a survey conducted via a social media site for people with type 1 diabetes who follow a very low carbohydrate diet (VLCD). Can a VLCD achieve better glycemic control than conventional care?

Elevated Biotin Intake May Interfere with Laboratory Assays

by Alexander Schauss, PhD, FACN
07-05-2018 
In 2017 the US Food and Drug Administration issued a report that laboratory results from patients on high doses of biotin could be misleading due to biotin’s interaction with the assay process. A recent study set out to determine the effects of varied doses of biotin on several of the most vulnerable tests.

High–Saturated Fat Diet Increases Endotoxemia

by Judy Fulop, ND, FABNO
07-05-2018 
Study shows that a diet high in saturated fat leads to a rise in lipopolysaccharide, an endotoxin that may contribute to a number of inflammatory conditions.

Egg Consumption May Lower Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
07-02-2018 
For decades we believed eggs were not heart-healthy, then we discovered they may not be so bad. Is it possible eggs could actually do our hearts good?

Coffee Decreases Risk of Postmenopausal Breast Cancer

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
06-06-2018 
Research is making it increasingly clear that coffee does not increase breast cancer risk and may offer protection against breast cancer in certain subgroups. A recent study found that the protective effects occurred with both caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee—meaning the credit must go to compounds other than caffeine.

Caffeine, Genotyping, and Athletic Performance

by Paul Richard Saunders, PhD, ND, DHANP, CCH
06-06-2018 
A recent study compared caffeine to placebo in elite male athletes and finds caffeine’s effects on athletic performance vary by CYP1A2 genotype, which influences caffeine metabolism.

Small Particulates Associated with Lower Respiratory Infections

by Julianne Forbes, ND
06-06-2018 
A large-scale, 17-year observational study in Utah shows short-term elevations in airborne fine particulate matter are associated with increased incidence of acute lower respiratory tract infections in children and adults.

Berry Pigments Help Cognition, Insulin Response, and Cardiovascular Risk in Adults

by Walter Crinnion, ND
05-16-2018 
Randomized study gives us even more reasons to tout the benefits of blueberries. They may be especially beneficial for older adults and those at risk for diabetes.

Gut Bacteria, Sleep, and Brain Health

by Kelsey Asplin, ND
05-16-2018 
Preliminary study provides an interesting albeit insufficient look at the relationships between the gut microbiota, sleep, and cognition.

Greenspace Exposure Improves Cognitive Performance in Children

by Kurt Beil, ND, LAc, MPH
05-16-2018 
Spending time outdoors has many benefits, including improved memory and concentration. A new study in children uses MRI scans to demonstrate that greenspace exposure also has measurable effects on brain anatomy.

Coffee Associated With Better Outcomes in Colorectal Cancers

by Tina Kaczor, ND, FABNO
05-02-2018 
Good news from a prospective, observational study, consistent with a large pool of research data: Coffee consumption may confer cancer-protective benefits.

Curcumin and Boswellia for Knee Osteoarthritis

by Jennifer Johnson, ND, LAc
05-02-2018 
Randomized trial pits 2 formulations containing curcumin against placebo for managing the joint pain and limitations that accompany osteoarthritis. Results suggest both curcumin alone and curcumin combined with boswellia could help, and are unlikely to hurt.

Bioavailable Curcumin for Rheumatoid Arthritis

by Paul Richard Saunders, PhD, ND, DHANP, CCH
05-02-2018 
Study finds that both a low dose (250 mg) and a higher dose (500 mg) of a bioavailable form of curcumin, taken twice a day for 90 days, significantly reduce objective and subjective signs of inflammation compared to placebo.

Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
05-02-2018 
Survey reveals that cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome—nausea and vomiting that is attributable to marijuana use—may be more common than we think. But what causes it?