Abstracts & Commmentary

Mediterranean Diet and Brain Shrinkage

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
06-07-2017 
New study of older adults in Scotland supports the association between the Mediterranean diet and brain volume, suggesting adherence may prevent brain shrinkage.

Exercise for Glucose Control in Diabetes and Prediabetes

by Mona Morstein, ND
06-07-2017 
Exercise increases insulin sensitivity, so it makes sense to recommend regular exercise for patients who are insulin-resistant. An encouraging new study compares 2 forms of exercise in patients with diabetes and prediabetes. The results support this recommendation: Just do it.

Passive Exposure to Flame-retardant Chemicals in Preschool Children

by Katherine Layman, ND
06-07-2017 
Young children are naturally exposed to flame retardants through sources such as mattresses, pillows, strollers, and car seats, but we don’t know how or if exposure affects their health or behavior. Results from an observational study may motivate clinicians to address exposures in their patients.

Soy and Breast Cancer

by Tina Kaczor, ND, FABNO
06-07-2017 
In the past, clinicians have discouraged women with a history of breast cancer from consuming soy products, based on what we now know is misleading evidence. Add this recent epidemiological study to mounting evidence that soy is safe and may even reduce mortality for some women.

Vitamin D Deficiency in Metastatic Melanoma

by Michael Traub, ND, DHANP, FABNO
06-07-2017 
Many naturopathic clinicians encourage their melanoma patients to avoid sun exposure and supplement with vitamin D. Results from a recent study support these recommendations.

Beneficial Microbe Repairs and Protects Against Aspirin-Induced Injury

by Rebecca Lovejoy, ND, LAc
05-03-2017 
Although low-dose aspirin (LDA) reduces cardiovascular risk and may even help prevent certain cancers, it can wreak havoc on the stomach and small bowel. Could adding lactobacillus-rich yogurt to the diet help protect the gut lining from LDA damage?

Are Cancer Survivorship Care Plans Doing More Harm Than Good?

by Matt Mumber, MD
05-03-2017 
Survivorship Care Plans are intended to facilitate efficient continuity of care and to provide cancer survivors with a resource to address treatment-related symptoms and risk reduction. But a recent study shows they may be causing undue anxiety instead.

Coffee and Hypertension

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
05-03-2017 
Some of us get “the jitters” when we drink too much coffee, so we intuitively expect the relationship between coffee consumption and blood pressure to be positively linear. Results from a recent study say otherwise.

Effects of Forest Bathing on Elderly COPD Patients

by Kurt Beil, ND, LAc, MPH
05-03-2017 
Exciting results from a novel study investigating the effects of Shinrin-yoku in patients with respiratory disease elevate the potential clinical applications of forest bathing—but also raise more questions.

Natural Treatments for Anxiety and Depression

by Peter Bongiorno, ND, LAc
05-03-2017 
Prescription antidepressants are only marginally effective for mild to moderate depression, and anxiolytic medications, though effective in the short term, have a number of potential adverse effects. An encouraging study found a holistic, naturopathic approach significantly reduced symptoms of both anxiety and depression in its patient population.

Urtica Benefits Women with Diabetes

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
04-19-2017 
A recent randomized controlled trial finds extract of stinging nettles (Urtica dioica) superior to placebo in reducing fasting plasma glucose in women with diabetes.

Fenugreek Standardized Extract for Menopausal Symptoms

by Jennifer Johnson, ND, LAc
04-19-2017 
Fenugreek seed has a long history of medicinal use, and recent research suggests it has activity in hormone-mediated conditions. A new placebo-controlled trial shows that fenugreek extract substantially and significantly improves a range of menopause-related symptoms.

Inositol, Betaine, and Boswellia for Breast Health

by Megan Chmelik
04-19-2017 
Breast lumps and breast pain are common concerns among premenopausal women. In a recent randomized controlled trial, familiar, readily available supplements significantly improved breast symptoms.

Artificial Light at Night Increases Breast Cancer Risk

by Heather Wright, ND, FABNO
04-19-2017 
A recent observational study generated maps that color coded high to low levels of light at night, as well as breast cancer incidence, per census tract. As hypothesized, more cases occurred in the urban and high-population areas.

Electric Bicycles Increase Fitness

by Jacob Schor, ND, FABNO
04-05-2017 
Using an electrically assisted bicycle to commute to work for even 1 month may have measurable health benefits.

Olfaction, Radioactive Iodine, and Salivation

by Kirsten West, ND, LAc, FABNO
04-05-2017 
According to a recent randomized controlled trial, aromatherapy may be helpful in treating radiation-induced dry mouth.

Nigella sativa Supports Healing in Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis

by Kaycie Rosen Grigel, ND
04-05-2017 
Placebo-controlled study demonstrates positive effects of Nigella sativa (also known as black cumin), supporting its use in the management of both endocrine and immune disorders.

Urban Air Pollution and Insulin Resistance, Type 2 Diabetes, and Obesity

by Walter Crinnion, ND
04-05-2017 
Preventing diabetes—a breath of fresh air? A recent trial raises diabetes concerns for people living in urban environments.

Do Low FODMAP Diets Work for IBS-D?

by Joshua Z. Goldenberg, ND
03-01-2017 
A second trial of a low FODMAP diet for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is as inconclusive as the first, leaving lingering questions about the helpfulness of this diet for patients with IBS.

The Specific Carbohydrate Diet for Inflammatory Bowel Disease

by Ronald Hoffman, MD
03-01-2017 
A trial of the specific carbohydrate diet (SCD) for children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) yields convincing results: 8 out of 10 children who adhered to the SCD for 12 weeks obtained clinical remission.